Radiation in medical diagnostics, X-ray, fluorography.

Radiation in medical diagnostics, X-ray, fluorography.

The use of radiation for the diagnosis of diseases. In this article, I want to talk about the diagnostic use of radiation, and I will touch on such topics as: is X-ray or fluorography dangerous, can a person feel something when undergoing such procedures and how often can these procedures be performed.

What is an X-ray and how does it differ from fluorography?

For fans of intrigue, a spoiler is almost nothing. The objectives of the survey.

In general, it can be divided as follows: X-ray is used for:

  • bone integrity checks
  • checking cavities in the human body, for example, a cyst
  • teeth also belong to the verification of the integrity of bones
  • conducting angiographic and mammographic procedures
Radiation in medical diagnostics, X-ray, fluorography. № 1
Example of a fluorograph (a person takes a picture of the lungs in a lying position)
Radiation in medical diagnostics, X-ray, fluorography. № 2
An example of an X-ray machine (in the picture, the picture is taken from a lying position, but this device can also take vertical positions).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fluorography is done to check the condition of your lungs, to understand whether there are lesions with pneumonia or tuberculosis. In fact, the devices are different, but the design differences are made only for the convenience of checking a specific part of a person. There is also a difference in the voltage and electric current on the radiation-generating device. The characteristics of ionizing radiation and its intensity will depend on the current and voltage. Such differences are necessary because of the difference in goals. In one case, we check the soft lungs, in another we can check a large and powerful bone in the leg, in another case we check a small tooth, the penetrating ability of radiation in each case should be different. This is important both to get the clearest picture and to ensure that the person being checked does not receive an excessive dose of radiation. But in general, as you can understand, the principle is the same.

Radiation in medical diagnostics, X-ray, fluorography. № 3
An example of a chest X-ray (fluorography), the bones are dark, since they are denser and have missed fewer rays, as well as the heart (in the center).

We choose the most suitable radiation for the examined part of the human body, we put a radiation receiver. Where the radiation went badly – and the picture turned out to be light-the bone is intact and everything is fine, where there is a lot of radiation, the picture is illuminated and dark. There is a possible fracture in the bone. Of course, this is an elementary principle of the old X-ray and fluorographic devices. On modern digital devices, the resulting pattern can be inverted in colors, or even colored, for the convenience of the doctor.

Are X-ray procedures dangerous?

I will answer here right away. No, they are not dangerous, but they are also not useful. In general, based on the knowledge of Russian laws and regulations, as well as the understanding that other countries have a similar attitude to medical procedures, I will say this: “according to the rules, a medical procedure involving the use of ionizing radiation should be prescribed by a doctor, and its use should be more useful than harm to the patient.” How can I understand this? For example, a person fell and hit his hand, it hurts him, and he came to the doctor. The doctor has two options, try to treat without knowing the exact condition of the hand or send it for an X-ray.

Radiation in medical diagnostics, X-ray, fluorography. № 4
It is better to take an X-ray than to treat a limb fracture incorrectly.

X-ray is radiation, not a very useful procedure, but in general… once is not terrible, and if necessary, then a couple of times. But it is wrong to treat a patient, causing harm to his health, this is bad. In such a situation, the doctor makes an informed decision to send a person for an X-ray. In general, it should be understood that such procedures are not a joke, and each dose of radiation received by the patient is recorded in special databases and tracked. Each procedure is plus a dose of radiation. So, during the year, we sum up the doses, and if the amount received goes beyond the established threshold, checks and proceedings begin. For example, a patient may be denied any X-ray procedure that may be considered insignificant, for example, an X-ray of a tooth… But, I want to warn suspicious people, for 3 years of my work in a city with a population of 1,018,624 people (as of January 1, 2021), I have never met a citizen who would exceed the norm during diagnostic procedures. This is a very rare case, on the verge of fiction.

Can a person feel radiation during diagnostic procedures?

In general, people do not feel any radiation on X-rays and fluorography, they can confuse the sensations from the pain of a broken limb, just get excited and start feeling some itching or something similar, but this is usually a consequence of a fantasy that has played out. With the procedures described in this article, the radiation time lasts a couple of seconds, and sometimes less. Do not forget that the doses received at a time are not useful, but also not so significant as to immediately make any noticeable changes in the body.

Radiation in medical diagnostics, X-ray, fluorography.№ 5
After writing the article, I remembered about cases of radio sensitivity. When people can feel radio waves, this is a very rare phenomenon. It is not fully studied. I think those who feel radiation during fluorography or X-rays belong to this type of people.

But there are people (they are very rare) who can feel something… This is a very rare case, and this may be of interest to some scientists and doctors for research. I want to repeat once again this is a very rare case.

In the next article, I will talk about the use of radiation for medicinal purposes. In particular, it is used to burn out cancerous tumors, in this case, we can say that the effect of radiation can be felt. But this is due to large doses and energies.

Radiation in medical diagnostics, X-ray, fluorography.№ 6
in future))

How often can I undergo X-ray diagnostic procedures?

As often as it is necessary, so often it is possible, as I have already written above, the doctor prescribes the procedures based on the need, if the doctor considers that a second snapshot is necessary, then most likely you need to take a second snapshot. In general, you need to understand that a doctor is a specialist who wants you well, if you have any doubts about his decisions, it makes sense to consult with another doctor, but you should not look for a person who will tell you what you want to hear. The doctor has one task – to cure you, and since you have fallen into the tenacious hands of doctors who thought that you should be sent for an X-ray or fluorography, then it will be better for you.

Don’t get sick!

 

If you came to this page from a search engine and you still do not understand what radiation is, I recommend looking at this page:

What is the danger of radiation and where does it come from?

What is radiation? Or ionizing radiation.

Contacts: https://radiation-info.com/2021/08/15/about-me/

Related articles from Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Radiation

Ссылка на основную публикацию